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Illinois Attorney General Kwame Raoul
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March 21, 2022


Chicago  —  Attorney General Kwame Raoul today led a coalition of 18 attorneys general in filing an amicus brief urging the U.S. Supreme Court to reverse a lower court’s decision requiring the federal government to continue the Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP), also known as the “Remain in Mexico” immigration policy. The MPP generally requires most asylum seekers arriving at the U.S.-Mexico border to return to Mexico while awaiting their asylum hearings in U.S. immigration court. Individuals returned to Mexico face dangers, including unsanitary living quarters, family separation, and physical violence. The Biden administration attempted to end this cruel and inhumane policy, but a Texas-based federal court ordered the administration to continue it.

Attorney General Raoul and the coalition filed the brief in Biden v. Texas supporting the administration’s efforts to terminate the MPP by asking the U.S. Supreme Court to overturn the Court of Appeals’ decision. Raoul and the coalition focus on one particular aspect of the lower court’s decision: its holding that the executive branch lacks the authority to exercise its “parole” power to allow asylum seekers into the United States, rather than detaining them or returning them to Mexico. Raoul and the coalition argue that this decision runs contrary to decades of administrative practice and would have significant consequences for states and their residents, many of whom relied on parole to first enter the United States.

“Continuing the MPP would threaten the invaluable contributions made each day by immigrants who have made the United States their home,” Raoul said. “It would have devastating effects on individuals seeking asylum in the United States from violence or social upheaval in their native countries. I urge the Supreme Court to overturn the lower court’s decision, allow the Biden administration to terminate the MPP, and affirm the executive branch’s ability to parole individuals into the United States.”

In today’s brief, Raoul and the coalition explain that the executive branch has long exercised its discretion to parole individuals into the United States in a wide range of contexts, ranging from asylum seekers who present themselves at the U.S.-Mexico border, to individuals fleeing natural disasters, to family members of U.S. servicemen and women. Raoul and the coalition argue that the Court of Appeals’ decision threatens this longstanding exercise of enforcement discretion not only at the U.S.-Mexico border, but in other contexts as well. The attorneys general explain that affirming the lower court’s order would impede the executive branch’s authority to provide protection in the United States to individuals with compelling humanitarian needs.

Additionally, Raoul and the coalition argue that the decision would harm states and members of their communities, including those who have relied on parole programs in the past. Immigrants attend school, enlist in the military, fill important jobs that U.S.-born workers cannot or do not want to take, and add billions of dollars to federal, state and local economies by paying taxes and spending their income. Raoul and the coalition argue that affirming the lower court’s narrow reading of the parole power would have significant consequences for states, many of whose residents first entered the United States via some form of immigration parole, and would thus harm their communities at large.

Joining Raoul in the brief are the attorneys general of California, Connecticut, Delaware, the District of Columbia, Hawaii, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, Vermont.

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